Building a HomeKit compatible temperature and humidity sensor

Published

In this short post I'll explain how I set up a HomeKit compatible temperature and humidity sensor with a ESP8266 chip, Homebridge, and an AM2302 sensor


After yet another "I'm cold!" from my girlfriend, as an experiment I decided to track temperature and humidity in the house. As I already have HomeBridge up and running, I wanted to connect the sensor to the Home app on my iPhone.

I ended up flashing arendst/Tasmota on an ESP8266 NodeMCU I had laying around.

I'm not an expert in electronics, but I like to tinker so I'll stay out of things I don't know, and I'll point to reference material instead.

Parts list

  • ESP8266 NodeMCU
  • AM2302 temperature and humidity sensor
  • A 4.7K - 10KΩ resistor
  • Jumper wires
  • Breadboard

Flashing Tasmota on the ESP8266

To flash the board I used tasmota/tasmotizer. This is a Python package you can install with pip and it comes with a GUI.

# set up a virtualenv for good measure
python -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
# install and run tasmotizer
pip install tasmotizer
tasmotizer.py

At this point connect the board to your computer, select the correct port, select the tasmota-sensors.bin image from the dropdown, and click

Tasmotize!

Screenshot of tasmotizer.py

You can read a lot more about what you need to flash the board and how to do it in this section of the Tasmota documentation.

The circuit

A schematic of the project's circuit
This circuit scheme was drawn with the help of Fritzing

The project is very simple, and the circuit I built is also extremely simple.

  1. The AM2302 sensor requires a voltage in the range 3.3V - 5.5V, the recommended supply voltage is 5V. I used a voltage of 3.3V, but should the sensor not work for you, try going up to 5V.

  2. Connect the AM2302 data pin to D3/GPIO 0.

  3. You should add a 4.7K - 10KΩ resistor between the board and the data pin, you won't melt anything but it may not function correctly.

  4. Lastly connect the GND pin on the board to the - (minus) pin on the AM2302.

Configuring the sensor in Tasmota

At this point, you're ready to boot the chip, and to configure Tasmota. The first time you boot, the ESP8266 will create a local network you can connect to to fill in Wi-Fi SSID and password.

Note that these chips can only connect to 2.4GHz networks, and that some of the changes will require restarts.

After you've set up the Wi-Fi, navigate to the IP address of the sensor in your browser.

Find and click on

Configuration, then click onConfigure module.

From the dropdown, select Generic (18) as your Module type, and in D3 GPIO 0 select AM2301.

Configuration of Tasmota
You'll find this screen under Configuration > Configure Module

After restarting, you should now see the measurements on the web page served by the ESP8266, and you could stop here, but that's not what I'm all about. I like my iPhone, I like my iPad, and I want to connect this DIY sensor to HomeKit.

Screenshot showing the measurements in Tasmota

© 2022 Tommaso Amici, All Rights Reserved